Your brain is made up of billions of cells called neurons that communicate using electrical and chemical signals to control how your body works. Seizures can happen when these electrical and chemical signals are not working the way they normally do. Not all seizures, however, are a result of epilepsy. A seizure is a single episode, while epilepsy is a disease involving unprovoked seizures over time. You are not alone.
Epilepsy Diagnosis: Tests, Scans, and Medical History
Epilepsy Diagnosis: Tests, Scans, and Medical History | Everyday Health
The only symptom of epilepsy is the recurrence of seizures, but not all epileptic seizures are the same. Some seizures cause obvious physical movements or loss of consciousness, but in other cases a seizure might not be visible to a bystander — not even a health professional. Epileptic seizures can vary by the type of epilepsy causing them. Partial epilepsy also known as focal epilepsy causes local seizures that originate in a very specific part of the brain the focus of the seizure , but these seizures can spread across the brain to become generalized seizures.
Epilepsy Fast Facts
In order to diagnose epilepsy , your doctor will need to verify that you've had two or more unprovoked seizures and then figure out what type of seizures they were. This can involve a neurological exam and a variety of tests, the most common of which is an electroencephalogram EEG. It's important for your doctor to accurately diagnose what type of seizures you're having and where they begin in order to find the most effective treatment.
Veterans are at higher risk of developing epilepsy. Learn more about resources to help veterans and families. A seizure involves sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain that causes brief changes in how a person behaves, thinks, or feels.